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MINNESOTA CRASH FACTS* FOR 2017

*All crash numbers only include crashes on roads and highways. It does not include crashes on private property including snowmobile or ATV trails or boats on rivers or lakes

 In 2017…

358 people died on Minnesota highways, 34 fewer lives lost than in 2016.   This is the lowest number since 1943. Unfortunately, Minnesota’s death and injury numbers are increasing in 2018.  29,412 were injured, most not seriously. There were 78,465 crashes;

175,115 people were involved in crashes; 145,168 motor vehicles were involved in crashes.  801 crashes involved at least 1 bicyclist, 1056 crashes involved at least one pedestrian, one in five fatalities were less than 25 years of age, 7,912 crashes were classified as “hit and run” The economic loss to Minnesota from these crashes was $1.8 billion

 

  • Breakdown of Total Fatalities:

242 died in motor vehicles, 44 were pedestrians, 53 motorcyclists, 11 ATV, 6 riding bicycles

The fatality rate in Minnesota is lower than the nation’s rate based on 100 million miles traveled. Minnesota .63 -- the nation is 1.25 per 100 million miles traveled

            THE TOP FOUR CONTRIBUTING FACTORS FOR SINGLE CAR CRASH FATALITIES ARE:

  • Careless/reckless/Erratic

  • Run off the road

  • Over correcting

  • Speed

 

Alcohol not included

   THE FOUR TOP CONTRIBUTING FACTORS FOR MULTIPLY CAR CRASHES

  • Following too close

  • Failure to yield

  • Careless/Reckless/Erratic driving

  • Distracted Driving

 

Alcohol not included

On an Average Day in Minnesota

                      215 Crashes

            .98 Died and 80 were injured

  • Daytime Seatbelt use is estimated at 92%.   Women 94% and Men 90%

In June of 1986 only 20% of drivers used a seatbelt.  In the northwest region of Minnesota among occupants that were killed or injured only 79.4% were wearing a seatbelt. But that percentage has risen from 2013 year which was at 67%.  That is the lowest use region in the state. Southcentral region is second lowest, (79.4%). The Southeast region was the best, (88.8%) followed by Central region that had (87.3%). Township roads had the lowest seatbelt usage when death or injury occurs. Interstates the best.  Of the 242 vehicle occupant deaths, 47 people were either ejected or partially ejected from their vehicles. 66% of those ejected were not belted.

Airbag deployment was reported 20,764 times when seatbelt was used. 59% of these incidents resulted in no apparent injury. The airbag was deployed 619 times when a seatbelt was not connected and only 26% of the times was there no injuries.

The most dangerous month this year was June with 41 deaths and 2,721 injuries                    The most dangerous holiday period was July 4 holiday period with 6 deaths  and 332 injuries

 

  • 65% of all fatal crashes occurred in rural areas (less than 5000 population). Most injury and property crashes occur more often in urban areas. The 7- county metro area had 30% of the fatal crashes, but 63% of all crashes.

 

  • Fatal crashes occurred most often in the afternoon between noon and 6pm.  This has changed from the early 90’s when it was most common between 10pm and 2am. All crashes 7am to 7pm.

 

  • Traffic crashes are the leading cause of death to young people. 93 people under age 30 died in crashes, 26% of all crashes. There were 11,588 people under 30 who were injured representing 39% of all injuries.

 

  • Motorcycle deaths and injuries decreased from 2015 from 61 deaths to 53 and 1,232 to 1,046 injuries. 67.9% of those killed were known to NOT be wearing their helmet, an increase from last year.  The most dangerous time for motorcyclists is between 3-5 pm. 19% of tested motorcyclists involved in crashes were over .08BAC.  There has been a continuing increase in motorcycle registration. There were 1,159 crashes involving motorcycles. June was the most dangerous month.

 

Main contributing factors of crashes involving a single motorcycle were careless/negligent/erratic driving, run off the road, speed, overcorrection. (alcohol not included).  Motorcycle and vehicle crashes attributed to the motor vehicle driver are usually caused by -Careless/negligent/erratic driving, following too close,  failure to yield, and driver inattention & distraction.  (alcohol not included)

  • Pedestrian involved crash in 2017 from 1,072to 1,056. Deaths decreased from 60 in 2016 to 42 in 2017.  Most deaths happen in larger cities. October again was the most dangerous month. 35% of tested pedestrians killed were over .08BAC.  Ages 35-39 had the most deaths and15-19 had the most injuries.  Most drivers were driving straight ahead on the roadway when they hit the pedestrian. Main contributing factors of the driver for the crash was failure to yield and distracted driving and for the pedestrian was darting/dashing into the roadway.

 

  • Bicycle Crashes decreased from 898 to 798. The most dangerous time is from 3:00 – 6:00 pm., most of these were in big cities and most were under 25 years.  August was the worse month. Failure to yield the right of way was cited most often for both the bicyclists and other motor vehicle drivers. For bicyclists a disregard for traffic control device and non- motorist error was noted. Driver inattention or distraction was the second contributing factor cited most often for the other drivers. These statistics are only for bicycle crashes with motor vehicles.

 More bicycle crash facts are at this website http://www.sharetheroadmn.org

 

  • For senior drivers*: People over 65 are safe drivers as a general rule, but are more likely to be killed if they are involved in a traffic crash. In 2017- 87 of them died. Drivers over 65 years are 20% of the driving public but they were involved in 15% of all traffic crashes but accounted for 24% of traffic fatalities. This percent is increasing as more seniors are on the roads. For older drivers involved in crashes, failure to yield, and careless/negligent/erratic driving were the most cited for cause of crash. Most all senior involved crashes happen between noon and 5pm. Most dangerous month for senior crashes was September.

Alcohol use: 2.3% of those arrested for DWI were seniors, and 8% of those killed were involved in alcohol related crashes.

*Any crash where a senior driver is involved

 

  • Hit and Run crashes:  7912 crashes were classified as hit and run.

  Of those crashes, 8 resulted in fatalities, and 997 injuries.

Collision with moving motor vehicle   5 fatalities - 900 injuries

Collision with parked vehicle – 0 fatalities – 34 injuries

Collision with bicycle – 0 fatality and 78 injuries

Collision with pedestrian -- 2 fatalities and 157 injuries

Fixed objects – 1 fatality – 49 injuries

Non-collision - 0 fatality – 40 injuries

The population of Minnesota is about 5.58 million

Over 5 million motor vehicles are registered

There are over 4 million licensed drivers

Over 58 billion miles were driven

There were 78,465 traffic crashes,

Statistics taken from 2017 Crash Facts Minnesota Department of Public Safety                

https://dps.mn.gov/divisions/ots/reports-statistics/Documents/Minnesota%20Traffic%20Crashes%20in%202017.pdf

 

MINNESOTA CRASH FACTS FOR 2016

                                                                                                                               In 2016…392 people died on Minnesota highways, 19 fewer lives lost than in 2015.  In 2014 there were 361 fatalities which was the lowest number since 1943. Unfortunately, Minnesota’s death and injury numbers are increasing.  29,825 were injured, about 2/3 of these injury crashes thankfully were minor injuries. There were 79,069 crashes.

 

  • Breakdown of Total Fatalities:*

252 died in motor vehicles, 60 were pedestrians, an increase, 54 motorcyclists, a decrease, 7 ATV a decrease, 7 riding bicycles, a decrease, 2 on farm equipment, 8 commercial deaths and 2 others.

The fatality rate in Minnesota is lower than the nation’s rate based on 100 million miles traveled.

*All crash numbers only include crashes on roads and highways. It does not include crashes on private property including snowmobile or ATV trails or boats on rivers or lakes

 

            THE TOP FOUR CONTRIBUTING FACTORS FOR CRASH FATALITIES ARE:

  • SPEED
  • DISTRACTIONS
  • IMPAIRED DRIVING
  • FAILING TO BUCKLE-UP

 

On an Average Day in Minnesota

                      216 Crashes

            1.07 Died and 82 were injured

    Daily Cost to Society $5,120,825

 

 

  • Daytime Seatbelt use is estimated at 93.2%.   Women 97% and Men 90%

In June of 1986 only 20% of drivers used a seatbelt.  In the northwest region of Minnesota among occupants that were killed or injured only 76% were wearing a seatbelt. But that percentage has risen from 2013 year which was at 67%.  That is the lowest use region in the state. Southwest region is second lowest, (79%). The Central region was the best, (87.9%) followed by southeast region that had (87.4%). Township roads had the lowest use of seatbelt usage when death or injury occurs. Interstates the best.  Of the 261 vehicle occupant deaths, 18 people were either ejected or partially ejected from their vehicles. 74% of those ejected were not belted.

 

Airbag deployment was reported 20,658 times when seatbelt was used. 59% of these incidents resulted in no apparent injury. The airbag was deployed 645 times when a seatbelt was not connected and only 31% of the times was there no injuries.

 

The most dangerous month this year was October with 39 deaths and 1,922 injuries.

The most dangerous holiday period was July 4 holiday period with 6 deaths and 268 injuries

 

  • 63% of all fatal crashes occurred in rural areas (less than 5000 population). Injury and property crashes occur more often in urban areas. The 7 county metro area had 34% of the fatal crashes, but 63% of all crashes.

 

  • Fatal crashes occurred most often in the afternoon between 2 and 6pm. and in the morning between 5-7 am.  This has changed from the early 90’s when it was most common between 10pm and 2am. All crashes  7am to 7pm.

 

  • Traffic crashes are the leading cause of death to young people. 111 people (28%) under age 30 died in crashes.  Ages 0-19, 35 died and 76 died ages 20 – 29. People aged 15-24 are 14.2% of licensed drivers yet they account for 24.2% of crash involved drivers. Drivers aged 20-24 represent 8% of licensed drivers but 13.6% of all crash involved drivers

 

  • Motorcycle deaths and injuries decreased from 2015 from 61 deaths to 54. The most were in the 60 and older age bracket. 64.8% of those killed were known to NOT be wearing their helmet.  The most dangerous time for motorcyclists is between 2 –6 pm.  21% of tested motorcyclists involved in crashes were over .08BAC.  There has been a continuing increase in motorcycle registration. There were 1,260 crashes involving motorcycles, a 13% increase. June was the most dangerous month.

 

Main contributing factors of crashes involving a single motorcycle were speed, driver inexperience, distraction, and chemical impairment.  Motorcycle and vehicle crashes attributed to the motor vehicle driver are usually caused by - failure to yield, and driver inattention & distraction.  Following too closely and driver inattention was most sighted for the cause by the motorcyclist.

 

  • Pedestrian involved crash incidence increased greatly in 2016 from 911 to 1072 an 18% increase. Deaths increased from 17 in 2014 to 60 in 2016.  Most deaths happen in larger cities. October again was the most dangerous month. 40% of tested pedestrians killed were over .10BAC.  Ages 20 to 24 had the most deaths and injuries.  Most drivers were driving straight ahead on the roadway when they hit the pedestrian. Main contributing factors of the driver for the crash was failure to yield and distracted driving and for the pedestrian was darting/dashing into the roadway. Of the 20 pedestrian fatalities with a positive test for alcohol, 18 pedestrians were over .10g/dl .

 

  • Bicycle Crashes decreased from 898 to 798. The most dangerous time is from 3:00 – 6:00 pm., most of these were in big cities and most were under 25 years.  August was the worse month. Failure to yield the right of way was cited most often for both the bicyclists and other motor vehicle drivers. For bicyclists a disregard for traffic control device and non- motorist error was noted. Driver inattention or distraction was the second contributing factor cited most often for the other drivers. These statistics are only for bicycle crashes with motor vehicles.

 More bicycle crash facts are at this website http://www.sharetheroadmn.org

 

  • For senior drivers*:  People over 65 are safe drivers as a general rule, but are more likely to be killed if they are involved in a traffic crash. Senior drivers were involved in 15% of all traffic crashes in 2016 but accounted for 24% of traffic fatalities. This percent is increasing as more seniors are on the roads. For older drivers involved in crashes, failure to yield, driver inattention or distracted was the most cited for cause of crash. Most all senior involved crashes happen between noon and 5pm. Most dangerous month for senior crashes was June and for some reason on Tuesdays.

2% of those arrested for DWI were seniors, 23% of those killed were seniors and 9% of those killed were involved in alcohol related crashes.

*Any crash where a senior driver is involved

 

  • Hit and Run crashes:  7320 crashes were classified as hit and run. Of those crashes,      13 resulted in fatalities, and 938 injuries.

Collision with moving motor vehicle   0 fatalities - 791 injuries

Collision with parked vehicle – 0 fatalities – 37 injuries

Collision with bicycle – 1 fatality and 77 injuries

Collision with pedestrian -- 11 fatalities and 150 injuries

Fixed objects – 0 fatalities – 40 injuries

Other   --   0 fatality and 64 injuries

 

      Most crashes happen on clear days and during daylight hours

1/3 of all crashes involve just one vehicle

1/5 of all fatalities were less than 25 years old

 63% of fatalities occurred in rural areas (under 5000 population)

7,320 crashes were hit and run

 

 

The population of Minnesota is about 5.45 million

Over 5 million motor vehicles are registered

There are over 4 million licensed drivers

Over 58 billion miles were driven

There were 79,069 traffic crashes,

178,922 people were involved in these crashes

146,339 motor vehicles were involved in crashes

Total economic loss $1.87 million

 

Statistics taken from 2016 Crash Facts Minnesota Department of Public Safety                

https://dps.mn.gov/divisions/ots/reports-statistics/Documents/2016-crash-facts.PDF

 

2011-2015 Minnesota Crash Statistics by County  (newest)

https://dps.mn.gov/divisions/ots/reports-statistics/Documents/stats-by-county-2011-2015.pdf

 

 

 

2017 MINNESOTA ALCOHOL-RELATED CRASH FACTS

 

 *a crash is classified as “alcohol-related” if any driver, pedestrian, or bicyclist is shown by a chemical test to be positive for alcohol. Then any people killed or injured in that crash are classified as alcohol-related. The test does not need to be over .08 BAC. to be alcohol- related

A “drunk driving related crash” means that one of the drivers was tested to be .08BAC or above.

 

  • 113 people died in crashes classified as “alcohol- related*” That is 32% of the total fatalities, a decrease. 72 of those deaths the driver was over .08BAC. that is 20% of the fatalities. There were 4,418 alcohol-related crashes and 2,389 people injured.
  • Most of the alcohol-related fatal crashes involved a single vehicle either colliding with a fixed object or losing control and overturning.
  • June was the most dangerous month. The most dangerous time for an alcohol-related crash is 5 pm – 2am and especially early Saturday morning. 58% of alcohol-related crashes happen on the weekend
  • Of the 207 drivers killed and tested for alcohol after a fatal crash, 144 tested .00 BAC, 11 tested .01 - .07BAC, 2 between .08 & .09, and 50 tested .10 or above.

 

There is a strong relationship between alcohol and the severity of a crash

In 2017 alcohol was involved in 10% or minor injury crashes, 11% of moderate injuries,

 23% of serious injury crashes and 32% of fatalities.

 

DRIVER PHYSICAL CONDITION IN 2017 CRASHES

As noted by police officer on crash report Officer could enter up to 2 physical conditions

               Physical Condition                     In Fatal  Crash                            In Injury Crash

          Normal                                                      311                                               34,272

          Had been Drinking                                    52                                                 2,127

          Had Taken Illicit Drugs                             14                                                     261

          Had taken Medications                             4                                                     157

          Emotional                                                    0                                                    126

          Fatigued/asleep                                          7                                                    513

          Physical Disability                                       0                                                      61

          Medical Issue                                              0                                                    437

          Other                                                            0                                                    222

          Unknown                                                 683                                               38,205

 

  • In the 1960’s around 60% of all traffic deaths were alcohol related, now it is 32%.  That most likely is due to many changes in behavior, laws, safer roads and vehicles and seat belts.
  • County State Aid Highways (rural roads) had the most alcohol related crashes and deaths. 

Information Taken from,

https://dps.mn.gov/divisions/ots/reports-statistics/Documents/Minnesota%20Traffic%20Crashes%20in%202017.pdf

 

2017 Impaired Driving Incidents

A DWI, Implied Consent or Criminal Vehicular Operation

 

  • There were 24,862 impaired incidents (DWI arrests). A 3% increase

 

  •  86% of the incidents involved taking a test for alcohol or drugs, 14% involved a test refusal. Of those incidents, 51% were age 21 – 34, 5% under 21, 27% age 35 – 49, 16% were 50 and older. That is 68 DWI arrests per day.

 

  • The number of high scoring violators, .20bac and above, have declined 39% ever since 1998. Compared to 2006, all counties’ arrest rates are down. Hopefully that means less people are driving impaired.

 

  • Twenty to 34-year old accounted for 52% of the impaired driving incidents in 2017. In addition, there were 1,212 impaired driving incidents among under age drivers

40% of those arrested already have a DWI on their record. There was about the same percentage of arrests in the Metro area as compared to the non-metro area.

 

 

  • When do these arrests occur? Thurs. after midnight & Friday accounted for 15%, Friday after midnight &Saturdays 26%, Saturday night after midnight & Sunday 24% and the rest during the week. In 2017, July had the most arrests, a close second was August.

 

The average blood alcohol concentration (BAC) for drivers with their first DWI offense was .147, for a repeat offender it was .164 and for drivers involved in drunk driving fatal crashes it is .19bac.

 

  • 1 in 7 Minnesota licensed drivers has a DWI on their record.  11.8% of Minnesota residents have a DWI.  1 in 16 has two or more DWI’s on their record, 1 in 34 have three or more. 1,359 have ten or more; one person has 27 on record. The counties with the highest percentages of DWI offenders are Mahnomen (24.9%), Mille Lacs (18.1%) Aitkin (17.1%), Cass (16.9%) and Clearwater (16.9%) some of these counties are vacation areas. The counties with the lowest rates are Stevens (8.5%), Rock (8.9%), Carver (9.1%) Washington (9.6%) and Olmstead (9.7%)
  •  
  • 82% of those who died in an alcohol related crash were

themselves the person whose drinking behavior caused the crash

 

 

  • Of the arrests, males were 65.6% of the number and females were 25.5% and 8.9% not stated. In 1996, females made up 18% of DWI arrests.  One half of the state’s DWI’s arrests were made in the 7-county metro area.  5% of the DWI arrests were for those illegal to drink.  The arrests rate for those age 50+ is increasing.
  • In the 1960’s around 60% of all traffic deaths were alcohol related, now it is 32%.  That most likely is due to many changes in behavior, laws, safer roads and vehicles and seat belts.
  • County State Aid Highways (rural roads) had the most alcohol related crashes and deaths. 

 

Information taken from Minnesota Impaired Driving Facts

https://dps.mn.gov/divisions/ots/reports-statistics/Documents/2017%20IDF.pdf

 

 

Have you ever wondered when DWI laws were enacted, what was the laws in 1925 or 1985? Go to this website and scroll down to page 50- 63

To see an Overview of Minnesota Laws, go to page 64

https://dps.mn.gov/divisions/ots/reports-statistics/Documents/2017%20IDF.pdf