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NATIONAL CRASH STATISTICS FOR 2016

In traffic crashes, 37,806 people died, a 6% increase, and over 4 million people were injured  

 

There were over 6 million traffic crashes across the country

104 people die every day----- One every 15 minutes

Of the fatalities, 64% in passenger cars and trucks, 13% motorcycles,

 16% pedestrians, 2% pedal cyclists and 2% large trucks

 

  • There is an 90% seatbelt use rate nationally. Seatbelts saved over 300,000 lives since 1975. Among children, an estimated 9,874 lives were saved by child restraints during that same time frame

 

Young people’s crash fatalities down 46% since 2002

 9% of all drivers in fatal crashes were age 15-20

 

  • Related factors for fatal Crashes

      Speed  17.8%

      Impaired driving 10.85

      Failure to keep in proper lane or running off the road 7.5%

      Failure to Yield  7%

 

  • October is the deadliest month and January the safest.

49% of fatal crashes were on Friday, Saturday and Sunday

30% of fatal crashes happened between 3 and 9 pm

July 4th holiday is the most dangerous

 

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2016 National Alcohol-Related Crash Facts

10,996 people died in alcohol impaired traffic crashes

Alcohol - impaired means that a driver involved in the crash was over .08 bac

Testing of drivers in fatal crashes varies greatly across the US. Not all fatally injured drivers were tested.  The results are probably higher than noted here

 

  • Fatal crashes in 2016, the highest percentages of drivers with BAC levels of

.08 g/dL or higher were recorded for drivers 25 – 34 years old, followed

by ages 21 – 24.

  • Drivers with a BAC level of .08 or higher in fatal crashes were 76 times more likely to have a prior conviction for DUI than drivers with no alcohol use while driving.
  • 30% of all drivers involved in a single vehicle fatal crash were alcohol impaired, compared with 12% in multiple vehicle crashes

 

In the past 10 years, alcohol related driving has declined but it is now slowly increasing

 

 

  • In fatal crashes in 2016, 26 percent of motorcycle riders had a BAC level of

      .08 g/dL or higher, as compared with 21 percent for drivers of passenger cars,

                    2% percent for drivers of large trucks and 20% for light trucks.

  • 31% of the fatal crashes involved alcohol; in 1982 it was 48%
  • The most frequently recorded BAC among drinking drivers in fatal crashes was .16
  • The rate of alcohol impairment among drivers involved in fatal crashes in 2016 was nearly 3.3 times higher at night than during the day
  • There were 5,987 pedestrians killed in traffic crashes; the highest since 1990. Alcohol impairment for driver and pedestrian was reported in 48% of pedestrian crashes. One in 5  pedestrians killed were hit and run cases

 

               The state with the highest percentage of drivers involved in crashes with a BAC over .15 is Montana

 

  • The 10,497 alcohol-impaired-driving (.08 or higher) fatalities in 2016 (28% of total

                    traffic fatalities) represent a 20-percent decrease from the 13,290 alcohol- impaired-

                   driving fatalities reported in 2001 (31% of the total).

  • Over 1.17 million drivers were arrested in 2013 for driving under the influence

                    of alcohol or narcotics (FBI’s Uniform Crime Report, 2010). This is an arrest rate

                    of 1 for every 181 licensed drivers in the United States (based on 2013 figures)

 

 

This information was copied from the following reports from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration https://crashstats.nhtsa.dot.gov/Api/Public/ViewPublication/812554

 

 

 

AAA Resource for Driving laws in North America

The AAA Digest of Motor Laws is an online compendium

of laws and rules related to driving and owning a motor

vehicle in the United States and Canada

 

http://drivinglaws.aaa.com/

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NATIONAL TEEN CRASH FACTS 2016

 

In the United States, teenagers drive less than all but the oldest people, but their numbers of crashes and crash deaths are disproportionately high.  In the United States, the fatal crash rate per mile driven for 16-19 year-olds is nearly 3 times the rate for drivers ages 20 and over. Risk is highest at ages 16-17. In fact, the fatal crash rate per mile driven is nearly twice as high for 16-17 year-olds as it is for 18-19 year-olds. But, the statistics show improvement in most all areas.

The definition of a “teen involved” crash is any crash with at least one teen driver of any motor vehicle involved. It does not mean that the teen caused the crash.

A total of 2,524 teenagers ages 13-19 died in motor vehicle crashes in 2013. This is 71% fewer than in 1975 and 11% fewer than in 2013. About 2 out of 3 teenagers killed in motor vehicle crashes in 2013 were males.

  • Since 1975 teenage motor vehicle crash deaths have decreased more among males (75%) than among females (60%)
  • In 2013, June, July and August had the highest number of teenage crash deaths of any months.
  • 54% of motor vehicle crash deaths among teenagers occurred on Friday, Saturday, or Sunday
  • Teenage motor vehicle crash deaths in 2013 occurred most frequently between 6 - 9 p.m. This is a change from last year when it was 9 to midnight.  This is a change from 2010 when it was 3 p.m. and 6 p.m.
  • In 2013, 52 percent of deaths among passenger vehicle occupants ages 16-19 were drivers.
  • Fifty-four percent of teenage passenger deaths in 2012 occurred in vehicles driven by another teenager. Among deaths of passengers of all ages, 14 percent occurred when a teenager was driving.
  • In 2013, teenagers accounted for 9 percent of motor vehicle crash deaths. They comprised 9 percent of passenger vehicle (cars, pickups, SUVs, and vans) occupant deaths among all ages, 5 percent of pedestrian deaths, 3 percent of motorcyclist deaths, 10 percent of bicyclist deaths, and 5 percent of all-terrain vehicle rider deaths.
  • Young drivers are less likely than adults to drive after drinking alcohol, but their crash risk is substantially higher when they do. This is especially true at low and moderate alcohol concentrations. The estimated percentage of fatally injured passenger vehicle drivers ages 16-17 who had a BAC at or above 0.08% in 2013 was down 12%, and down 71% since 1982. Most of the decline took place in the 1980’s. This age group experienced the greatest decline in alcohol involvement compared with a 46% decline for drivers ages 18-20, a 22% decline for drivers ages 21-30, and a 35% decline for drivers older than 30.
  • Fatally injured female teenage drivers were less likely than male teenage drivers in 2013 to have high BACs. Among fatally injured passenger vehicle drivers ages 16-17, 13 percent of males and 10 percent of females in 2013 had BACs at or above 0.08 percent. Among fatally injured drivers ages 18-19, 30 percent of males and 16 percent of females had BACs at or above 0.08 percent.
  • In 2013, belt use among fatally injured passenger vehicle drivers ages 16-19 (47 percent) was higher than among fatally injured drivers ages 20-29 (41 percent) but lower than among drivers 30 and older combined (49 percent).
  • Among passenger vehicle drivers ages 16-19 involved in fatal crashes in 2013, 47 percent were involved in single-vehicle crashes. This was higher than for drivers ages 25 and older (38%). 

 

For more information on national teen driving statistics go to

http://www.iihs.org/iihs/topics/t/teenagers/fatalityfacts/teenagers